Eating meals and other foods from fast-food and full-service restaurants appears to be associated with increased caloric intake for children and adolescents, as well as a higher intake of sugar, total fat, saturated fat and sodium, according to a report published Online First by Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, a JAMA Network publication.
Children and adolescents increasingly eat food away from home, particularly from fast-food outlets, and the upward trends in fast-food consumption have paralleled increasing obesity rates among children and adolescents, according to the study background.
Lisa M. Powell, Ph.D., and Binh T. Nguyen, M.A., of the University of Illinois at Chicago, examined the effects of eating at fast-food and full-service restaurants on total energy intake (similar to total caloric intake), diet quality and the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), particularly soda, using data from the 2003-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). The study included 4,717 children ages 2 to 11 years and 4,699 children ages 12 to 19 years.
The study suggests that eating at a fast-food restaurant was associated with a net increase in total daily energy intake of 126 kcal (kilocalories) for children and about 309 kcal for adolescents. Eating at a full-service restaurant also was associated with an increase of about 160 kcal for children and 267 kcal for adolescents, according to the results.
"Furthermore, restaurant consumption among children and adolescents was significantly related to higher nutrient intake of sugar, total fat, saturated fat and sodium. In particular, for example, fast-food consumption among adolescents increased sugar, total fat, saturated fat and sodium intake by approximately 13 percent, 22 percent, 25 percent and 17 percent of the daily reference levels of these respective nutrients," the authors note.
The results indicate that soda and SSB consumption also appeared to be "significantly higher" on days that children and adolescents ate from restaurants, particularly for adolescents. The authors suggest there were positive associations for protein intake at full-service restaurants among children and at both fast-food and full-service restaurants among adolescents.
"Overall, the findings of higher energy and SSB intake and poorer nutrient intake associated with consuming from restaurants suggest that public policies that aim to reduce restaurant consumption – such as increasing the relative costs of these purchases; limiting access through zoning, particularly around schools; limiting portion sizes; and limiting exposure to marketing – deserve serious consideration," the authors comment.
They conclude: "At the same time, regulatory and voluntary policies that aim to set standards for the nutritional content of meals obtained from restaurants are increasingly being implemented, and continued efforts are needed to improve and promote healthy food options in restaurants."
JAMA and Archives Journals: http://www.jamamedia.org
This press release was posted to serve as a topic for discussion. Please comment below. We try our best to only post press releases that are associated with peer reviewed scientific literature. Critical discussions of the research are appreciated. If you need help finding a link to the original article, please contact us on twitter or via e-mail.
Findings published in The Lancet show chance of heart attack drops by 48% when people most at risk take cholesterol-lowering medications
Paranoid fears are common and have a variety of causes but new research shows specific issue cognitive behaviour therapy can bring significant benefits
Popular belief has it that human ‘sex pheromones’ exist and are well-established by the scientific community. But all is not as it seems, as Tristram Wyatt explains
Toward the end of World War II, the Nazis blocked all food and fuel supplies to the Netherlands, leading to famine. Many babies born during this famine suffered long-term effects, including a higher incidence of a variety of conditions such as heart disease, obesity, glucose intolerance, and obstructed airways.
Your girlfriend is right. Adults can expect to get flu only twice every 10 years, suggests an analysis of the antibodies in people's blood
Drinking a few cups of coffee a day may help people avoid clogged arteries - a known risk factor for heart disease - South Korean researchers believe.
Researchers in China produce a herd of genetically engineered cows that are better able to ward off bovine TB.
The first model of a zombie epidemic to use real US census data lets you choose where the plague begins and how fast it spreads
Revealing new details about the origins of AIDS, scientists said on Monday half the lineages of the main type of human immunodeficiency virus, HIV-1, originated in gorillas in Cameroon before infecting people, probably via bushmeat hunting.
Few doctors — and few patients — realize just how profoundly early abuse, neglect and other childhood traumas can damage an adult's physical health.