Eating meals and other foods from fast-food and full-service restaurants appears to be associated with increased caloric intake for children and adolescents, as well as a higher intake of sugar, total fat, saturated fat and sodium, according to a report published Online First by Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, a JAMA Network publication.
Children and adolescents increasingly eat food away from home, particularly from fast-food outlets, and the upward trends in fast-food consumption have paralleled increasing obesity rates among children and adolescents, according to the study background.
Lisa M. Powell, Ph.D., and Binh T. Nguyen, M.A., of the University of Illinois at Chicago, examined the effects of eating at fast-food and full-service restaurants on total energy intake (similar to total caloric intake), diet quality and the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), particularly soda, using data from the 2003-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). The study included 4,717 children ages 2 to 11 years and 4,699 children ages 12 to 19 years.
The study suggests that eating at a fast-food restaurant was associated with a net increase in total daily energy intake of 126 kcal (kilocalories) for children and about 309 kcal for adolescents. Eating at a full-service restaurant also was associated with an increase of about 160 kcal for children and 267 kcal for adolescents, according to the results.
"Furthermore, restaurant consumption among children and adolescents was significantly related to higher nutrient intake of sugar, total fat, saturated fat and sodium. In particular, for example, fast-food consumption among adolescents increased sugar, total fat, saturated fat and sodium intake by approximately 13 percent, 22 percent, 25 percent and 17 percent of the daily reference levels of these respective nutrients," the authors note.
The results indicate that soda and SSB consumption also appeared to be "significantly higher" on days that children and adolescents ate from restaurants, particularly for adolescents. The authors suggest there were positive associations for protein intake at full-service restaurants among children and at both fast-food and full-service restaurants among adolescents.
"Overall, the findings of higher energy and SSB intake and poorer nutrient intake associated with consuming from restaurants suggest that public policies that aim to reduce restaurant consumption – such as increasing the relative costs of these purchases; limiting access through zoning, particularly around schools; limiting portion sizes; and limiting exposure to marketing – deserve serious consideration," the authors comment.
They conclude: "At the same time, regulatory and voluntary policies that aim to set standards for the nutritional content of meals obtained from restaurants are increasingly being implemented, and continued efforts are needed to improve and promote healthy food options in restaurants."
JAMA and Archives Journals: http://www.jamamedia.org
This press release was posted to serve as a topic for discussion. Please comment below. We try our best to only post press releases that are associated with peer reviewed scientific literature. Critical discussions of the research are appreciated. If you need help finding a link to the original article, please contact us on twitter or via e-mail.
Volunteers in Sweden were tricked into thinking their bodies had vanished, and the "superpower" seemed to ease social fears
Scientists have for the first time captured how taste sensations are processed on the tongue
Researchers set hungry mosquitoes loose on identical and fraternal twins. They found that inherited genes do play a role in making you a mosquito magnet.
State education committee passes a bill banning parents exempting kids from vaccination because of "personal beliefs", as lawmakers around the world discuss similar measures
The torturous trial-and-error process of finding the best cancer drug for an individual could be a thing of the past thanks to a couple of clever devices
A flu strain deadly to chickens and turkeys is striking farms in the West and Midwest. This week, it hit an Iowa facility with millions of egg-laying hens. No one knows how it's entering houses.
Doctors, it turns out, often don't follow evidence-based guidelines. One result? Unnecessary tests. Scientists who study this contrariness think they know why.
Analysis of millions of audio files has led one US company to claim that their software can predict how a person’s voice will make a listener feel
Bird flu outbreak now spreading through Midwest poultry could head east with fall migration
A little MRI video seems to settle the decades-old debate about that loud pop of the joints: It's all about bubbles. But imagine an air bag inflating, not the bursting of a balloon.